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Compare and contrast the constitutions of the state, which were created respectively by rich and less prosperous states The decree of 1784 was criticized by George Washington in 1785 and James Monroe in 1786. Monroe convinced Congress to reconsider the proposed national boundaries; a review committee recommended the repeal of this part of the regulation. Other politicians questioned the 1784 decree`s plan to organize governments in new states and feared that the relatively small sizes of the new states would undermine the power of the home states in Congress. Other events, such as the reluctance of the southern Ohio River states to yield their western claims, have led to a shift in geographic orientation. [6] The statutes were an agreement between the 13 founding states, which legally established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as the first constitution. Although still influential today, the articles created a weak government that was eventually replaced by the U.S. Constitution in 1789. Congress has also been denied the power to regulate either foreign trade or intergovernmental trade. As a result, states have retained control of their own trade policy. By 1787, Congress was no longer able to protect production and shipping. The inability of Congress to promote trade and economic development – or to resolve the public obligations (debts) created during the war – has severely hampered its power. The statutes of the Confederation established a weak national government, which consisted of individual legislation.

Congress had the power to declare war, sign contracts and settle interstate disputes, lend or print money. Americans were so afraid of a strong, centralized government that they refused to grant tax power to their Congress. Congress had little power, and without the external threat of a war against the British, there were enough delegates to come together to form a more difficult quorum. Yet Congress has always succeeded in passing important laws, especially the Northwest Regulation. The Northwest Ordinance (officially an executive order for the U.S. Territory Government, Northwest of the Ohio River, and also known as The Ordinance of 1787) was passed on July 13, 1787 and was an organic act of the Congress of the United States. He created the Northwest Territory, the first organized communal territory of the new nation, from countries beyond the Appalachians, between Great Britain and North America and the Great Lakes to the north and the Ohio River to the south.